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Zamboanga del Sur


Josefina is a municipality in the province of Zamboanga del Sur.  It is a landlocked region, bordered on the north by the province of Zamboanga del Norte, on the east by the province of Misamis Occidental, on the south by the municipality of Molave, and to the west by the municipality of Mahayag.  There are 14 barangays over a total land area of 17.48 square kilometers, and the population as of 2000 was 8,758 inhabitants.  The vast majority of the people are the descendants of Visayan immigrants from Cebu, Bohol, and Siquijor, all of whom are predominantly Roman Catholic, although there are small contingents of Seventh Day Adventist and Iglesia ni Cristo.  There is also a small population of Subanon, an indigenous tribe represented throughout Zamboanga, who are also Roman Catholic.  Historically, Josefina was victim to irresponsible and illegal logging, but is now deforested due to these practices.  A major issue faced by the region is a boundary conflict between the municipality of Josefina and its neighbor to the east, the municipality of Don Victoriano, located in the province of Misamis Occidental, which is currently being disputed at the governmental level.  The region is dependent upon subsistence agriculture, but over the last year has been greatly affected by mealy bugs, which have destroyed much of their coconuts, a major cash crop in the area.  The climate was typically cold and rainy, but due to the deforestation over the years, the temperature has increased significantly, and as such, it tends to be hot and humid, with afternoon rains varying from showers to torrential downpours.